If an Ohio divorce, dissolution, legal separation, or annulment proceeding involves a child, and the court has not issued a shared parenting decree, the court must decide on visitation. The court shall make a just and reasonable order or decree permitting the parent who is not the residential parent to visit the child at the time and under the conditions that the court directs, unless the court determines that it would not be in the best interest of the child to permit that parent to visit the child.
Whenever possible, the visitation order should ensure the opportunity for both parents to have frequent and continuing contact with the child, unless that would not be in the child's best interests. The court shall include in its final decree a specific schedule of visitation for that parent.
In determining whether to grant a parent visitation rights and coming up with a specific visitation schedule, the court must consider these factors:
No. No law requires a parent to visit a child, if the parent doesn't want to.
No. A parent may not be denied visitation for failure to pay child support. There are other remedies for getting the parent to pay.
No. The duty to pay child support is separate and distinct from the right to visitation with a child.
A parent who is denied visitation with his or her child can ask the court to find the parent who is wrongfully denying the visitation in contempt of court. If found in contempt, the offending parent may be made to pay court costs (including the attorney fees) of the other parent, may be ordered to allow the parent to make up the missed visitation time, and may be ordered to spend time in jail.
A visitation order can be modified under the same conditions that a court can modify a prior order allocating parental rights and responsibilities. The parent who wants the change must show that circumstances have changed or previously unknown facts have become known since the original decree. The court must find that the modification would be in the best interests of the child.